The elbow is an upper-body joint in human anatomy that can become stiff after trauma. To prevent such complications, elbow braces and wraps with articulated elbows are used during the rehabilitation phase. This will allow movement that was not possible with the casts or splints used in the past.
For those who are recovering from an elbow injury, a hinged brace is the best way to keep your joint protected. The hinges in these braces provide maximum support and coverage for every angle of motion that can be made with this type of fracture. You will find them expensive but worth it if you have an broken elbow.
There are a couple different styles of hinged elbow braces. In this article We will provide an overview and reviews of best hinged elbow braces available in UK.
Best Hinged Elbow Braces 2023
Anatomy of the Elbow Joint
The elbow joint complex includes three bones: the arm bone (humerus), the radius (ulna) and the forearm bones (radius and ulna). The joint complex actually consists of three distinct joints. These include the humeroulnar (articulation among the humerus, ulna and radius), the humeroradial (articulation zwischen the radius and the humerus), and theproximal radioulnar (articulation at the elbow between the radius (and ulna)). The elbow joint can be thought of as the upper body’s equivalent of the knee joint.
Although articulating bones are often arranged in a puzzle-like fashion, there are incongruities or unstable portions at the elbow joint and more at the knee joint. Where does the elbow joint get its support? We place a lot on our joints every day, especially if we’re athletes or people who work in very physical occupations. Muscles and ligaments are the two major factors. Muscles provide movement and also act as dynamic stabilizers of joints. The biceps muscles runs from the elbow joint to the forearm. It crosses the elbow joint and then inserts into the humerus. It contracts and pulls the forearm towards the shoulder.
This is called elbow flexion. Muscles can contract and shorten, they can either stay the same length or contract while being forcibly extended. Further stability can be provided by the contraction of the muscles around your elbow joint. Ligaments are passive structures, which is why they differ from muscles. Ligaments cannot be contracted actively. They are more like stiff elastic bands that connect bones to each other, often across joints. The elbow joint complex contains many ligaments, including the medial/ulnar collateral ligament, the radial/lateral collateral and the annular. Sports and accidents can often cause ligament damage or torn. When a force external to the joint causes it to move in a way that it isn’t used to, this can happen. Hyperextension can result in ligament tears and severe damage to the overall elbow joint.
It is helpful to first read about anatomy before looking at images or videos. The text below gives an overview of the structures and functions involved in the elbow joint. While it’s fine to learn from a video immediately, it can be hard to remember the terminology and the points they are making, as well as follow the visuals. Once I have done some research, I am much more prepared to learn from a video than I was before. The following video will help you to understand the anatomy of the elbow joint. This video focuses on bones and ligaments. They interact with the elbow joint and they show and remove structures to clarify the concepts. The next tutorial focuses on the muscles and nerves that cross over the elbow joint. This will give you an idea of how the elbow joint functions and the nerves that supply sensation to it. Although many people find the details of musculature a bit complicated, we encourage you to concentrate on the bigger ideas.
How do Elbow Braces Provide Stability for You?
Braces are meant to replicate and strengthen our anatomy. Braces are not necessary for all joints. Our normal anatomy is strong enough to withstand daily forces. When things change, such as injury, weight gain, or if we play a sport, it’s more likely that our joints will be more vulnerable to damage. Let’s look at the elbow joint. That’s why this article is about it. There are high chances that someone will dislocate their elbow if they fall on their outstretched arms.
Let’s say someone has partially dislocated their elbow. Maybe it popped back in place. The hinges of a hinged elbow brace can be used to reinforce the UCL if it has been torn completely or is damaged to the point that it is very fragile and slack. The hinges are designed to resist hyperextension just like the UCL. They also provide support for the elbow, which helps resist varus and valgus forces, which could also cause damage.
If you are just coming out of surgery, or are beginning to recover from a severe injury to your elbow, it may be necessary to immobilize your elbow completely. Because many of these braces can be locked in a particular position, they are ideal for protecting your elbow and providing a safe setting for healing.
Are All Elbow Braces Equally Supportive?
No! The most supportive braces are hinged elbow braces. These braces combine all-around padding and compression. They also have lockable hinges which can be adjusted so that you can move freely but still maintain a certain range of motion. The hinges are almost like emergency stoppers, so you don’t place the elbow joint in an unsafe position. The hinged elbow braces often include a crossing strapping system at the elbow’s front or anterior portion. This not only helps resist hyperextension but also gives you better control over elbow flexion and extension.
This is useful when you are first trying to move your arm around after an injury. You may also see straps and sleeves. For conditions such as tennis elbow and golfers elbow, straps can be used. These braces are designed to reduce inflammation and irritation of the surrounding structures and tendons. While these straps can be used to provide targeted compression that reduces pain and inflammation, particularly during activity, they do not provide any additional support or stability beyond your normal anatomy. The elbow compression sleeves are also very popular with athletes and the general public.
They work in the same way as the straps, providing compression for pain relief and inflammation. However, the compression is wider and more widespread. Although compression sleeves can provide some additional support due to their elastic and compression material, it is not as strong as a hinged elbow brace. Compression sleeves are popular because they can be worn under clothing, are cheap and stylish, and provide some relief from general pain and inflammation due to chronic injuries or overuse.
Common Elbow Joint Injuries
The medial collateral ligament, also called the ulnar collateral (UCL), is the ligament that runs along the elbow joint on one side of the arm. There are three distinct bands that resist movement in different directions. However, there is a lot of overlap. This ligament is quite strong, but it can be ruptured by falls that cause the elbow to become dislocated. It is one of the most common injuries suffered by baseball players, particularly pitchers. There are many levels of severity to a sprain. These levels of severity or classifications are usually based on how severe the ligament is thought to be. The UCL could be left intact with a minimal amount of damage, while it might stretch enough to cause some irritation or further injury. A complete rupture would result in a severe UCL sprain.
Repeated stress from overhead movement is the most common way to injure the ulnar collateral ligament. This motion is common for throwing sports like javelin and baseball.
- A UCL tear is the most common injury to the UCL. It is typically gradual, but can also occur in one traumatic event.
- UCL injuries are most commonly characterized by pain on the inner side or elbow. Sometimes, a UCL tear can feel like a “pop”, followed by intense pain.
Bursitis can be found in both the elbow and the shoulder. Bursae, which are fluid-filled sacs, help to reduce friction between structures that must move together. The elbow joint has four main bursae. We consider the first three bursae to be olecranon, because they are located around an olecranon at the back of the elbow. The elbow joint is the location of the last bursa. Subcutaneous Bursa – This bursa sac can be found in the subcutaneous tissue, or fat just below the skin.
It is located over the olecranon (the bony prominence that we all know as the elbow). People who work with their elbows or forearms a lot are more likely to have this bursa inflamed. This bursa is often called the olecranon, which makes sense due to its location. However, technically the term “olecranon Bursa” should include the two following bursa. This bursa, located between the triceps and the olecranon is responsible for reducing friction when the triceps tendon crosses the back of your elbow. This bursa is located within the tendon of your triceps. It’s not present in everyone.
Bicipitoradial Bursa is also known as the “biceps” bursa. It is located between the tendon of the biceps and the anterior (frontal) portion the radial tubrosity. This reduces friction because the bony prominence is covered by the biceps tendon. Bursitis may be caused by trauma but can also develop over a prolonged period of time. These movements are often the ones that cause long-term damage, as they assist in repetitive movements. Infection or pre-existing conditions such as arthritis and gout may also increase your risk of developing elbow bursitis. How can you tell if you have bursitis or not? Any questions regarding a diagnosis should be directed to your doctor.
However, significant swelling is a sign that you may have bursitis. It is possible for the swelling to get so severe that it causes pain. It is possible for an infection to develop if you wait too long. This can cause skin reddening and warmth. This is why it’s important to see a doctor immediately. A spread of infection could lead to more serious problems. Bursitis can be treated in many ways. Stopping activity and letting the bursa heal is the easiest and least painful treatment. If the bursa has become swollen, it is possible to drain the fluid from the bursa. This can be done at the doctor’s office. They can also send the fluid to lab tests if they suspect they have an infection. Surgery to remove the entire bursa can also be an option, but this is reserved for the most severe cases that often involve infection.
Tennis and Golfer’s Elbow
These conditions are not covered in this article. We have already spoken about them in other articles. (See the first paragraph for links). These are common conditions where the tendons of your arm rub over the humerus’ medial and lateral epicondyles. These conditions are usually caused by overuse and can be treated with targeted compression, anti inflammatory drugs or, in severe cases, surgery.
We want to emphasize the distinction between strain and sprain. A strain refers to tears or damage to muscle muscles, while a strain is a tear or damage to the ligament. There are many muscle strains. They are most common in the legs, particularly the hamstring muscles that cross the hip and knee joints. A biceps strain is most common at the elbow. But it all depends. A rodeo rider may have his hand strapped in, so the bull riding may cause a biceps strain.
The severity of a muscle strain will vary depending on the location. A muscle strain is not a complete tear if it is felt as pain, particularly if the pain is felt in the movement. You may see the muscle swell if it is completely ruptured. A full tear can make it impossible to perform normal movements. Let’s look at the lower leg calf muscle. You won’t be capable of pointing your toes if your Achilles tendon is completely ruptured on the back side of your leg.
You can then lie on your stomach and relax while the doctor squeezes your bad calves muscle. Your foot will pop out if they place your good leg on your calf muscle. The treatment options for severe strains include surgery or complete immobilization. You can also avoid activity while it heals. As with all injuries, it is best to not self-diagnose strains. Instead, consult a doctor or physiotherapist.